The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1961 defines an ‘ Ancient Monument ’ as follows:-
Ancient Monument means “ancient monument” means any structure, erection or monument, or any tumulus or place of interment, or any cave, rock-sculpture, inscription or monolith, which is of historical, archeological or artistic interest and which has been in existence for not less than one hundred years, and includes,
- the remains of an ancient monument,
- the site of an ancient monument,
- such portion of land adjoining the site of an ancient monument as may be required for fencing or covering in or otherwise preserving such monument, and
- the means of access to, and convenient inspection of, an ancient monument; -but shall not include ancient and historical monuments declared by or under law made by Parliament to be of national importance;
“archeological site and remains” means any area which contains or is reasonably believed to contain ruins or relics of historical or archeological importance which have been in existence for not less than one hundred years, and includes,
- such portion of land adjoining the area as may be required for fencing or covering in or otherwise preserving it, and
- the means of access to, and convenient inspection of, the area;
- “protected area” means any archeological site and remains which is declared to be protected under this Act;
- “protected monument” means an ancient monument which is declared to be protected by or under this Act.
Ancient and historical monuments and archeological sites and remains deemed to be protected monuments and areas.—
All ancient and historical monuments and all archeological sites and remains which have been declared by the Ancient Monuments Preservation Act, 1904 (Central Act VII of 1904), or the Ancient Monuments Preservation Act, 1337 F (Hyderabad Act VIII of 1337 Fasli) or the Mysore Ancient Monuments Preservation Act, 1925 (Mysore Act IX of 1925), to be protected monuments but which have not been declared by or under law made by Parliament to be of national importance, shall be deemed to be ancient and historical monuments or archeological sites and remains declared to be protected monuments or protected areas, as the case may be, under this Act.
Power of Government to declare ancient monuments to be protected monuments.—
Where the Government is of opinion that any ancient monument should be declared as a protected monument, it may, by notification in the official Gazette, give two months’ notice of its intention to declare such ancient monument to be 5 a protected monument and a copy of every such notification shall be affixed in a conspicuous place near the monument.
Any person interested in any such ancient monument may within two months after the issue of the notification, object to the declaration of the monument to be a protected monument. (3) On the expiry of the said period of two months, the Government may, after considering the objections, if any, received by it, declare by notification in the official Gazette the ancient monument to be a protected monument.
A notification published under sub-section (3) shall, unless and until it is withdrawn, be conclusive evidence of the fact that the ancient monument to which it relates is a protected monument for the purposes of this Act.
- Bangalore Division
- Belgaum Division
- Gulbarga Division
- Mysuru Division